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History of Coffee

02 October 2015

The origins of coffee are still not clear to this day. Still the majority of people believe that an Ethiopian goat farmer named Kaldi discovered coffee around 850 AD. He noticed that his goats would behave differently when eating from a specific bush. They will act more energetic, jumping and dancing around. The story goes that Kaldi soon determined that it was the bright red cherries on the shrub that were causing the peculiar euphoria. Kaldi decided to try the fruit from these bushes and the rest is history. Coffee was born!

There is a lot of speculation of the origins of coffee, yet what it is true is that the first Arabica coffee tree was found growing wild on the mountains slopes of southwestern Ethiopia, in a region known as Kaffa. Soon after its discovery, it was only a matter of time until this magical drink spread through trade to the Arabian Peninsula. The first coffee plantations were established on large scale in Yemen, around the 15th century. The Arab Sufi monks took this stimulating drink to stay awake during extended hours of prayer. It is said that they experimented and developed the first roasting and grinding activities. Coffee was drunk in homes and public places; soon coffee houses became popular among the population. By the end of 15th century, the brewing knowledge expanded throughout the Islamic world.

The Arabs were able to control the coffee market for several hundreds of years until the beans reach the European market. The Dutch took the initiative and started planting coffee trees on their mountainous colonies near the equator. In the early 18th century, Java Coffee was born. They expanded their coffee production to other Indonesian islands (Sumatra and Sulawesi). The Dutch were the first to successfully create coffee plantations away from the Middle East. As a result, they became important players in coffee production and trade. The French, Spanish, English and Germans quickly followed. They began propagating coffee to their colonies in Latin America and Africa, and consequently around the world. The Europeans completely dominated the Specialty Coffee’s growth and export.

Eventually, British colonist brought coffee to the United States. At first, tea was the preferred drink, yet it all changed when King George decided to imposed heavy taxes on tea and other exports. Americans refused to pay taxes and started a rebellion against the British crown. This revolt better known as the Boston Tea Party, changed the American drinking preference, it became patriotic to drink a
Cup of Joe.

By the end of the 18th century, coffee became (and continues to be) one of the largest and most important tropical commodities. Over a 100 years ago, missionaries and travelers, traders and colonists, firmly believed in the magical properties of coffee and carried Coffee Beans to new and foreign lands. It’s global spread and popularity reached every corner of the world. Today, coffee is cultivated in over 70 countries, coffee trees can be found on every hemisphere. It is our duty to continue this tradition and expand the coffee path. By selecting your own blend, Cubico Coffee wants to add a modern twist to the coffee ritual. We want you to explore the magical world of coffee, come and experience Coffee The Way You Like It!

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